Monday, March 1, 2010

What is the Kalam Cosmological Argument?

In the last post, I gave you an idea of the cosmological arguments. There are many kinds of arguments for the existence of God, in the realm of cosmology, however this one is the most popular. It is called, the "kalam cosmological argument."  What does it say?

Kalam cosmological argument: The Arabic word kalam literally means "speech," but came to denote a certain type of philosophical theology--a type containing demonstrations that the world could not be infinitely old and must therefore have been created by God. This sort of demonstration has had a long and wide appeal among both Christians and Muslims. Its form is simple and straightforward.

1. Whatever begins to exist has a cause for its coming into being.
2. The universe began to exist.
3. Therefore, the universe has a cause for its coming into being.[1]

Stephen Evans defines it as a version of the first cause argument for God's reality, developed by Islamic thinkers, which claims that the world must have had a beginning and that God must exist as the cause of that beginning. This argument was revived in the late twentieth century, and is presently  being defended and expounded upon by William Lane Craig. (Source: C. Stephen Evans, Pocket Dictionary of Apologetics: Apologetics & Philosophy of Religion. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2002. s.v. "kalam cosmological argument".)

[1] Peter Kreeft and Paul Tacelli, Handbook for Christian Apologetics (CD Version by Digital Fish), s.v. Kalam argument

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