What is Apologetics?

Apologetics may be simply defined as the defense of the Christian faith. The word “apologetics” derives from the Greek word apologia, which was originally used as a speech of defense or an answer given in reply. In ancient Athens it referred to a defense made in the courtroom as part of the normal judicial procedure. After the accusation, the defendant was allowed to refute the charges with a defense or reply (apologia). The word appears 17 times in noun or verb form in the New Testament, and both the noun (apologia) and verb form (apologeomai) can be translated “defense” or “vindication” in every case.

Saturday, December 11, 2010

Series: The First Principles, The First Principle of Law

This is the final installment in this series on the First Principles.  This final one is equally important to everything up to this point.  Before moving to defining the First Principle of Law.  If we have bad laws, then it is a product of bad politics.  If we have bad politics then it is safe to conclude that there are bad ethics involved.  And then finally if we have bad ethics, these must stem from a faulty moral framework. 

Working it the other way, bad morals produces bad ethics.  Bad ethics begets bad politics.  Bad politics, especially at the legislative level produces bad laws.  Where do bad morals come from?  A faulty worldview.  So what then is the first principle of law?  


Classical natural law is based upon the universal and inherent understanding that certain behaviors are immoral and, therefore, ought to be illegal. If this is true, it only makes sense that natural law is a necessary prerequisite for positive law. In this sense, natural law provides the basis for a standard of morality. This standard, or moral law, can be thought of as a first principle of jurisprudence upon which all law ought to be based and upon which true civilization depends.
The classical understanding of “natural law, then, is the human participation in eternal law by way of reason. In brief, natural law is the ‘natural light of reason, by which we discern what is right and what is wrong.’ . . . All rational creatures share in natural law. It is the law written on their hearts (Romans 2:15) . . . It can be said that human reason is the basis for natural law only insofar as it participates in the Eternal Reason.”
Hence, human nature was endowed with certain God given qualities that gave humans intrinsic value based upon the eternal nature and moral character of God. As the apostle Paul said, “Indeed, when Gentiles, who do not have the [Mosaic] law, do by nature things required by the law, they are a law for themselves, even though they do not have the [Mosaic] law, since they show that the requirements of the law are written on their hearts, the consciences also bearing witness, and their thoughts now accusing, now even defending them” (Romans 2:14-15).

Saturday, December 4, 2010

Series: The First Principles, The Foremost Law of Biology


The word “biology” literally means the science or study of life. When we study biology, it doesn’t take long to encounter the word species. The choice of this term, as opposed to some other, is based on the law of specificity. It is the reciprocal function of the second law of thermodynamics. This law is analogous to turning back the hand of time and getting a system back into its original highly ordered state.

Biblical References: The law of specified complexity requires an intelligent cause. Language has an intelligent cause. Yet, we cannot have language unless logic/intelligence has a basis. This law is implied throughout God’s Word. We read it in Genesis 1 when we read that God created humanity in His image. That is, His intellectual, moral, volitional and spiritual image. The intellectual image refers to logic and eventually language. The clearest statement of this “logos” or eternal reason is found in John 1:1-2. “In the beginning was the Word [logos], and the Word [logos] was with God, and the Word [logos] was God.” Keep this description of Jesus in mind with respect to him being the intelligent cause behind the effect with respect to the DNA code.