Saturday, October 30, 2010

Series: The First Principles, An Introduction and the First Principle of Logic

This past Thursday night concluded our lecture material on naturalism, atheism, and humanism.  Part of that material was a reminder of what constitutes a solid worldview by sharing with them what is known as The First Principles.
  
As I was working through them with the class, I was prompted into thinking that a subject like this might provide a short blog series.  So with that in mind, I would like to share with you these First Principles with biblical references following.  You might ask what are the First Principles?  What a great question to get this started!

The ancient philosopher Aristotle showed how every science begins with certain obvious metaphysical truths that he referred to as first principles. Aristotle explained how these first principles form the very foundations upon which all knowledge rests. These First Principles are the fundamental truths from which inferences are made and conclusions are based. They are considered to be self-evident truths which can be thought of as the underlying and the governing principles that shape a solidly cohesive worldview.

Tonight let me "kick off" this series with the First Principle of Logic

WHAT IS THE FIRST PRINCIPLE OF LOGIC?

The first principle of all knowledge is the law of noncontradiction.

This foundational first principle of logic states that opposite claims cannot both be true at the same time and in the same sense.

Biblical References Showing the Law of Non Contradiction:

Matthew 21:25, "The baptism of John was from what source, from heaven or from men?" – Some questions only have a yes or no answer (either from heaven or from men).

2 Corinthians 1:18, "But as God is faithful, our word to you is not yes and no" – In order for a statement or message to be valid, it must be either “yes” or “no” and not “yes” and “no.”


Next: The First Principle of Truth