What is Apologetics?

Apologetics may be simply defined as the defense of the Christian faith. The word “apologetics” derives from the Greek word apologia, which was originally used as a speech of defense or an answer given in reply. In ancient Athens it referred to a defense made in the courtroom as part of the normal judicial procedure. After the accusation, the defendant was allowed to refute the charges with a defense or reply (apologia). The word appears 17 times in noun or verb form in the New Testament, and both the noun (apologia) and verb form (apologeomai) can be translated “defense” or “vindication” in every case.

Monday, January 25, 2010

Is the Outworking of Your Faith Fideism?

Not many Christians know this word, "fideism," but many people have a "fideistic" interpretation of faith. Look at the picture of the church sign. What does it say?

Whenever one says, "I just believe" or "I just believe in Jesus" and does not or cannot give reasons for why they believe that claim, they are embracing this interpretation of "faith."  Really it is the kind of faith that has faith only in itself. Here's the definition.

Fideism: The view that faith takes precedence over reason. The word is often used as a term of abuse to designate a view considered by a critic to be a form of irrationalism. Tertullian and Soren Kierkegaard are often cited as fideists.(Source: C. Stephen Evans. Pocket Dictionary of Apologetics & Philosophy of Religion. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2002, s.v. "fideism".)

Application of the Definition 

When you are involved in a conversation with someone who says they just believe, or that they have faith that what they believe is true, this is an example of holding to a form of fideism. Some of the tenets of fideism include existential forms of "testing" truth. There is no reason that will refute experience for the fideist. Norman Geisler in his monumental book, Christian Apologetics also includes in the tenets of fideism includes not only God's revelation, but His grace is the source of all truth (see the chapter on "Fideism" in Geisler, Norman. Christian Apologetics. Grand Rapids: Baker Books, n.d. Norman Geisler's CD Library).

At first glance this looks good to the experiential person. However it isn't if you look at what the statement is saying. First off, the Bible is God's special revelation and His grace is the means by which one is saved. We know this from the Bible. Now, we do have God's continual graces, but how do we know that these "graces" are from God?? We also know this from the Word of God and not the experience.

Remember this the next time you talk to Mormon missionaries who tell you that their experience of knowing the Book of Mormon is true is by an experiential "burning in the bosom." If you are talking to a professing Christian, and they tell you they just believe in Jesus, ask them how they know their belief is in the right direction or object of their faith.  You may be talking to a fideist that needs help and encouragement because their truthclaim is based upon the experience.

Monday, January 4, 2010

What does the word "Belief" mean?


To say that you believe something has meaning. I find it fascinating when some of those who embrace this "new atheism" define their position as a "lack of belief."  This posting addresses the meaning of this word, "belief."

Belief: The fundamental positive cognitive attitude that commonly takes a proposition as its object. Most philosophers hold that propositional beliefs can be occurrent, in which case there is conscious assent to the proposition, or nonoccurrent, in which case a person has a disposition to assent to a proposition (such as 2+3=5) even though the person is not consciously thinking of that proposition. Theologians distinguish belief that something is the case from belief in a person or ideal, as when a person believes in God or democracy. The latter seems closer to the biblical concept of faith. It seems clear, however that belief in God is not possible without some propositional beliefs as well, since one could hardly believe in God if one did not believe that God existed or believe anything about God's character. (Source: C. Stephen Evans. Pocket Dictionary of Apologetics & Philosophy of Religion. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2002, s.v. "belief".)

Concluding thought: I find it interesting in talking to some "atheists" that they believe that atheism is not an absolute denial of God, but the belief in a lack of evidence for God's existence (hard agnosticism). They make an assent that to this proposition that is contradictory to the definition of the position that they embrace. This is self-defeating.