What is Apologetics?

Apologetics may be simply defined as the defense of the Christian faith. The word “apologetics” derives from the Greek word apologia, which was originally used as a speech of defense or an answer given in reply. In ancient Athens it referred to a defense made in the courtroom as part of the normal judicial procedure. After the accusation, the defendant was allowed to refute the charges with a defense or reply (apologia). The word appears 17 times in noun or verb form in the New Testament, and both the noun (apologia) and verb form (apologeomai) can be translated “defense” or “vindication” in every case.

Monday, July 26, 2010

The Informal Fallacies of Accent and Accident

The picture you see if of a book cover, entitled "The Fallacy Detective" by the Brothers Bluedorn.  We are taking my daughter through this book as part of her homeschool logic training.  

This week we have the fallacies of accent and accident. These are fallacies deal on a broader scale of the informal fallacies: (Accent, relates to the argument as a whole and accident relates to the application of the argument as a whole).

Accent: This fallacy is committed in an argument which has a deceptive but invalid nature and depends upon a change or shift in meaning.

Accident: This fallacy consists in the application of a general rule to a particular case whose “accidental” circumstances render the rule inapplicable.

For more resources for studying logic and logical argumentation check out:

  • Nathaniel Bluedorn and Hans Bluedorn, The Fallacy Detective: Thirty-six Lessons on How to Recognize Bad Reasononing. Muscatine, IA: Christian Logic and Trivium Pursuit, 2003.
  • Irving M. Copi and Carl Cohen, Introduction to Logic (13th Edition).
  • Norman Geisler and Ronald Brooks, Come Let us Reason: An Introduction in Logical Thinking. Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1990.
  • William Weston, A Rulebook for Arguments. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing, 2009.

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