What is Apologetics?

Apologetics may be simply defined as the defense of the Christian faith. The word “apologetics” derives from the Greek word apologia, which was originally used as a speech of defense or an answer given in reply. In ancient Athens it referred to a defense made in the courtroom as part of the normal judicial procedure. After the accusation, the defendant was allowed to refute the charges with a defense or reply (apologia). The word appears 17 times in noun or verb form in the New Testament, and both the noun (apologia) and verb form (apologeomai) can be translated “defense” or “vindication” in every case.

Monday, March 1, 2010

What is the Kalam Cosmological Argument?

In the last post, I gave you an idea of the cosmological arguments. There are many kinds of arguments for the existence of God, in the realm of cosmology, however this one is the most popular. It is called, the "kalam cosmological argument."  What does it say?

Kalam cosmological argument: The Arabic word kalam literally means "speech," but came to denote a certain type of philosophical theology--a type containing demonstrations that the world could not be infinitely old and must therefore have been created by God. This sort of demonstration has had a long and wide appeal among both Christians and Muslims. Its form is simple and straightforward.

1. Whatever begins to exist has a cause for its coming into being.
2. The universe began to exist.
3. Therefore, the universe has a cause for its coming into being.[1]

Stephen Evans defines it as a version of the first cause argument for God's reality, developed by Islamic thinkers, which claims that the world must have had a beginning and that God must exist as the cause of that beginning. This argument was revived in the late twentieth century, and is presently  being defended and expounded upon by William Lane Craig. (Source: C. Stephen Evans, Pocket Dictionary of Apologetics: Apologetics & Philosophy of Religion. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2002. s.v. "kalam cosmological argument".)

[1] Peter Kreeft and Paul Tacelli, Handbook for Christian Apologetics (CD Version by Digital Fish), s.v. Kalam argument

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