What is Apologetics?

Apologetics may be simply defined as the defense of the Christian faith. The word “apologetics” derives from the Greek word apologia, which was originally used as a speech of defense or an answer given in reply. In ancient Athens it referred to a defense made in the courtroom as part of the normal judicial procedure. After the accusation, the defendant was allowed to refute the charges with a defense or reply (apologia). The word appears 17 times in noun or verb form in the New Testament, and both the noun (apologia) and verb form (apologeomai) can be translated “defense” or “vindication” in every case.

Monday, February 8, 2010

What's the Difference Between Revelation, General Revelation and Special Revelation


The idea of "revelation" can stir up some interesting conversations. In conversations between Christians where one believes that there is still "special revelation" the conversation can get interesting one way, contrast to a conversation with an atheist that does not believe in any kind of revelation.  

The definitions that are in this post, refer to how God discloses Himself, that reveals who He is and how He shows that He is.  So here are the definitions.

Revelation: What God has made known about Himself and the process by which this insight is given. Most theologians have distinguished between the general revelation of God given in nature and quasiuniversal human experiences (such as our sense of dependence) and special revelations given to and through specific individuals in history, particularly the prophets and Jesus Christ Himself -- God's supreme revelation.[1]

General Revelation: The term used for the knowledge of God that He makes possible through the natural world, including general religious experiences of awe and dependence. Defenders of general revelation have usually claimed that it is sufficient only to give us knowledge of the existence of a powerful Creator, though some have argued that the goodness of God can also be seen in the natural order. General revelation is distinguished from the special revelation God has provided on particular occasions in history through the prophets, apostles, and supremely (for Christians) Jesus of Nazareth. Special revelation provides concrete knowledge of the character and actions of God in relation to His creation.[2]

Special Revelation: Revelation given by God through particular persons, experiences, writings, or historical events. Special revelation is normally distinguished from general revelation.[3]

It is the position of this writer that the canon of Scripture is closed, and that there is no new special revelation today. At the same we do not live in a closed universe, which means that the God, who is there is very capable of revealing His hand in miracles, which confirm His existence.

Notes

[1] C. Stephen Evans.Pocket Dictionary of Apologetics & Philosophy of Religion. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2002, s.v. "revelation."

[2] Ibid., s.v., "general revelation."

[3] Ibid., s.v. "special revelation."

[Author's note]: While we do see the creation as a means of general revelation, general revelation itself does not have the capability of pointing anyone to saving faith. It does and has been used by God as a means to show and demonstrate His existence and His glory (Psalm 19:1). Special revelation on the other hand is closed. What I mean by that is there is no new special revelation that will point a person to salvation. We have the written historical records of sacred Scripture, the Bible and we have the One who is revealed in the Bible, the risen Jesus Christ. Anything that professes to be a revelation from God, must line up with the Bible and/or the character and nature of Jesus Christ...the canon is closed.


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