What is Apologetics?

Apologetics may be simply defined as the defense of the Christian faith. The word “apologetics” derives from the Greek word apologia, which was originally used as a speech of defense or an answer given in reply. In ancient Athens it referred to a defense made in the courtroom as part of the normal judicial procedure. After the accusation, the defendant was allowed to refute the charges with a defense or reply (apologia). The word appears 17 times in noun or verb form in the New Testament, and both the noun (apologia) and verb form (apologeomai) can be translated “defense” or “vindication” in every case.

Monday, February 22, 2010

What is the Cosmological Argument?

There is much discussion in the debate on the existence of God between Christian thinkers and those embracing this thing called the "new atheism." One good starter for a conversation is dealing with the question of the origin of the universe within the realm of "cosmology." One argument from cosmology is called the cosmological argument. Here is a definition for your portfolios.

Cosmological arguments: A family of arguments for the existence of God that postulate God's existence as the ultimate cause or ground or explanation for the cosmos (the universe). Cosmological arguments normally make use of some principle of explanation, causality, or sufficient reason. Thomas Aquinas and Samuel Clarke are among the more famous proponents of this type of argument. (Source: C. Stephen Evans, Pocket Dictionary of Apologetics: Apologetics & Philosophy of Religion. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2002. s.v. "cosmological arguments".)

I will be addressing one argument called the 'kalam cosmological argument in a post in the very near future.

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