Monday, February 22, 2010

What is the Cosmological Argument?

There is much discussion in the debate on the existence of God between Christian thinkers and those embracing this thing called the "new atheism." One good starter for a conversation is dealing with the question of the origin of the universe within the realm of "cosmology." One argument from cosmology is called the cosmological argument. Here is a definition for your portfolios.

Cosmological arguments: A family of arguments for the existence of God that postulate God's existence as the ultimate cause or ground or explanation for the cosmos (the universe). Cosmological arguments normally make use of some principle of explanation, causality, or sufficient reason. Thomas Aquinas and Samuel Clarke are among the more famous proponents of this type of argument. (Source: C. Stephen Evans, Pocket Dictionary of Apologetics: Apologetics & Philosophy of Religion. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2002. s.v. "cosmological arguments".)

I will be addressing one argument called the 'kalam cosmological argument in a post in the very near future.

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